भाकृअनुप - केन्द्रीय कृषि अभियांत्रिकी संस्थान, भोपाल

ICAR - Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal

(An ISO 9001 : 2015 Certified Institute)

Ergonomics and Safety in Agriculture

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Ergonomics is the scientific study of relationship between a person and his/her working environment. The term environment includes his/her tools and materials, his/her method of work, ambient conditions and physical environment of work, and also the organization of work. In most of the developing countries human workers constitute as one of the important sources of farm power. Besides, they also operate animal drawn equipment, tractors, power tillers and self- propelled as well as power operated machines. Therefore, in agriculture, the application of ergonomics can help in increasing the efficiency and thereby productivity of the workers without jeopardizing their health and safety.

Mandate/Major programme/Mission

Application of ergonomical principles and anthropometric data for increasing productivity, reducing drudgery, and minimizing accidents and occupational health problems of workers in agriculture and allied sectors.

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Objectives/Thrust Area

  • To study human – machine - environment interactions to generate data for developing ergonomical guidelines leading to development of agricultural tools and equipment for reduced drudgery.
  • To develop safety devices, practices, and strategies to minimize accidents in agriculture and agro- based industries.
  • To asses occupational health hazards and developing ergonomical interventions for their minimization.

Contact Us

Dr. Sukhbir Singh
Project Coordinator

Email: sukhbir.singh@icar.gov.in

List of centres

S. No. Name of Centre Principal Investigator & Location Phone, Fax No.,
E-mail address
   1. NERIST Nirjuli Dr. K. N. Dewangan
Agricultural Engineering Department North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology,
Nirjuli (Itanagar) - 791109
Phone: 0360-2257401 to 12,
Fax: 0360-2257872
09436228995 (M)
E-mail: nerist.esa@gmail.com; kndewangan2001@yahoo.co.in
   2. Dr. BSKKV Dapoli Dr. V.V Aware and Dr. Balasaheb
Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth College of Agricultural Engineering & Technology,
Dapoli – 415712
Phone: 02358-282414,
Fax: 02358-282414,
E-mail: vijayaware2000@yahoo.com; vijayaware.2000@gmail.com
  3. CSKHPKV Palampur Dr.(Mrs.) Radhna Gupta
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Choudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh,
Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya, Palampur– 176062
Phone: 01894-230389, 230406, 230511
Fax: 01894-230406
E-mail: guptaradhna@rediffmail.com; esapalampur@rediffmail.com
  4. CAEPHT Gangtok Dr. N.S Chauhan, Professor and PI,
AICRP on ESA,College of Agricultural Engineering & Post Harvest Technology (Central Agricultural University) Ranipool,
Gangtok-737135 (Sikkim)
Phone: 03592-251359,
Fax: 03592-251390,
(M) 9434742243
  5. IARI New Delhi Dr. Adarsh Kumar, Principal Scientist and PI,
Division of Agricultural Engineering, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute,
Pusa, New Delhi- 110012
Phone: 011-25842294, 25848703,
Fax: 011 26858703,
E-mail: adarsh_iari@rediffmail.com
  6. CIAE Bhopal Dr. P.S. Tiwari, Head
Agricultural Mechanization Division Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering,
Nabi Bagh, Berasia Road,
Bhopal - 462038.
Phone: 0755-2747894, 2521077
Fax: 0755-2734016
  7. TNAU Coimbatore Dr. Surendra Kumar A., Professor and PI
Department of Farm Machinery College of Agricultural Engineering
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003.
Phone: 0422-5511257,
Fax: 0422-2432376
  8. OUAT Bhubaneswar Dr. S.K. Mohanty, Professor and PI
Department of Farm Machinery & Power,
College of Agricultural Engineering & Technology and Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology,
Bhubaneshwar – 751 003
Phone: 0674-2564111,
Fax: 0674-2564111
  9. PAU Ludhiana Er. N.K. Chhuneja, Associate Prof. & PI,
AICRP on ESA Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Punjab Agricultural University,
Ludhiana -141 004
Phone: 0161-2408684,
Fax: 0161-2408684
  10. MPUAT Udaipur Er. S.S. Meena, Asstt. Professor and PI, AICRP on ESA,
Department of Farm Machinery & Power, College of Technology and Engineering Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology,
Udaipur – 313001
Phone: 0294-2470119,
Fax: 0294-2420447
  11. IIT Kharagpur Prof. V.K. Tewari, Professor and Research Engineer,
AICRP on ESA Department of Agricultural & Food Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur - 721 302, West Bengal
Fax: 03222-282244
  12. ICAR-CIWA, Bhubaneswar Er. Chaitrali Mahatre, Scientist and PI
ICAR-Central Institute of Women in Agriculture, Plot No. 50-51, Mouza - Jokalandi, P.O. - Baramunda,
Bhubaneswar - 751003, Odisha, India
Phone: 0674-2386940,
Fax: 0674- 2387242

Prominent Technologies Developed (2017-2021)

Pedal Operated maize dehusker sheller

Pedal operated maize dehusker sheller is used for dehusking and shelling of maize cobs. Anthropometric and other ergonomical parameters of workers has been taken into machine development. The capacity, dehusking efficiencies and shelling efficiencies was 130 kg/ h, 97 % and 95%, respectively.

Pedal Operated Paddy Thresher

The machine helps to reduce the drudgery involved in paddy threshing operation as bending posture is avoided and arms are not to be raised above shoulder height as in case of traditional method i.e. beating on a platform/stone. The cost and capacity of the machine was INR 5500 and 35 kg/h, respectively.

Two-row Rice Transplanter

The machine is suitable for root washed type seedling. It avoids bending postures which is adopted in traditional method. The operating cost is 70.5% less and work output 7.8 times more as compared to traditional method. The cost and capacity of the machine was INR 6500 and 300 m2/h, respectively.

Finger Millet Thresher cum Pearler

The machine has a power requirement of 0.5 hp and performs both threshing and pearling operation. The machine has a capacity, threshing efficiency, pearling efficiency and cleaning efficiency of 36 kg/h, 99.5%, 99% and 97.5%, respectively.

PIR Sensor Based Alert System For Chaff Cutter

The machine avoids injuries to hands and other body parts due to chaff cutter. PIR sensor used to sense hands of the operator and generate alert – Visible and Audio. Use for warning the person feeding the forage in the machine.

Online Database for Anthropometric and Strength Databank

Anthropometric data of 14618 workers (8970 male and 5648 female) for 79 parameters and strength data of 9515 workers (5570 male and 3945 female) for 16 parameters. The data has been analyzed for mean, standard deviation, 5th, 50th and 95th percentile values at country and state level. The analysed information is useful for designers/research engineers and other stake holders. In order to facilitate the availability of data to different stake holders, an online data bank has been developed and made available on CIAE website.

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